The “People's Army” (of The People's Crusade) – is defeated by The Turkish Army today. This will pave the way for the first “official” Christian Crusade in The Holy Land.
Otto IV becomes The Holy Roman Emperor today.
The “Straits”of Megellan are discovered and named today- by Ferdinand Megellan.
The USS “Constitution” is launched today from Boston Harbor.
Florence Nightingale and her Staff of Nurses – set out for The Crimean War. Her work in front line combat medicine and care will help create The International Red Cross.
The first Japanese "suicide" attack against an Allied Warship, occurred today. The Australian Ship, HMS "Australia" was hit near Leyte (South Pacific), by a Kamakazi Fighter carrying an estimated 440-pound explosive.