Ancient Rome

Pompa Circensis

https://www.strongholdnation.co.uk/history/ancient-rome/pompa-circensis
The Pompa Circensis was a form of Procession (Celebration), which was similar to a modern parade. It was held only for official Government celebrations (State) and later, …

Haruspex

https://www.strongholdnation.co.uk/history/ancient-rome/haruspex
''Haruspex'' was a form of Ancient Roman Divination – by which a trained Priest or Priestess ''read'' the Future by discerning the entrails of specific animals (she …

Manus and Sine Manus Marriage

https://www.strongholdnation.co.uk/history/ancient-rome/manus-and-sine-manus-marriage
Devised by Ancient Roman Law, Manus and Sine Manus Marriage was a form of two civil Marriage Contracts seen as legally binding in Late Kingdom and Early Republican Rome. …

Epulones

https://www.strongholdnation.co.uk/history/ancient-rome/epulones
Translated to the term ''Feasters'' – The Epulones were a fixture of late Kingdom and Early Roman Republic Social Events. They were primarily responsible for settin …

Legio II ''Italica''

https://www.strongholdnation.co.uk/history/ancient-rome/legio-ii-italica
The Roman Legio II was formed in 165 AD, under the dual Emperorship of Marcus Aurelius and Lucis Verus (Brothers). Numbering roughly 3,000 Soldiers, they were known as Th …

Labarum

https://www.strongholdnation.co.uk/history/ancient-rome/labarum
Relating to Emperor Constantine (''The Great''), The Labarum was the late 3rd Century AD version of The Roman Vexillum (or Military Standard). These were Cloth Standards …

Comitium

https://www.strongholdnation.co.uk/history/ancient-rome/comitium
Dating to The Kingdom Period through The Republic Era – a Comitium was the forerunner to The Forum. These were Public Meeting Places, not only used to discuss vario …

Veles

https://www.strongholdnation.co.uk/history/ancient-rome/veles
Much as The Roman Formation called Velites (which were Skirmish or ''Melee' Troops) – so to was the Gladiator known as The Veles. The ''fought'' much as the Militar …

Parmularius

https://www.strongholdnation.co.uk/history/ancient-rome/parmularius
The ''Parmularius'' was a type of Gladiator who generally fought with nothing but the ''Buckler''-style Parma (Round) Shield. Often using them to batter their similar Opp …

Crupellarius

https://www.strongholdnation.co.uk/history/ancient-rome/crupellarius
Dating to the 1st AD (and lasting perhaps to the 3rd Century AD), The Roman Crupellarius were heavily Armored Gladiators, specifically recruited from Gaul (France). Unlik …